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Meningococcal Disease - A Quick Read




Having high fever or stiff neck recently?
Having difficulty going out into the sun or bright lights?


What is meningococcal disease?
  • caused by bacteria Neisseria Meningitidis
  • can result in 
    • meningitis - infection of the brain lining
    • meningococcal septicemia - infection in the blood

Signs and Symptoms 
These can appear from 2 days and within upto 10 days of infection:
  • high fever
  • purplish skin rash
  • vomiting and/or nausea
  • headache
  • stiff neck
  • drowsiness
  • photophobia
  • confusion

Causes and spread
  • caused by bacteria Neisseria Meningitidis, most commonly by these 5 subtypes A,B,C,Y W135.
  • spread by coming in close personal contact with an infected person or saliva or nasal or throat secretions.
  • Carriers unaware of having the disease and sharing their personal belongings with others.

Affected Groups
  • People living in areas or coming in contact with infected patients
  • People exposed to large public gathering where they may be a possibility of coming in contact with infected person
  • Travellers at more risk when  going to areas with known cases.

Lifestyle Adaptations
  • Avoid sharing of personal belongings and utensils.
  • Wash and clean hands properly frequently.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth before cleaning your hands.
  • Use vaccinations if possibility of exposure.
  • If vaccinations are not available, chemoprophylaxis should be the next alternative.
  • Practise proper hygiene when coughing or sneezing.
  • Dispose tissues and napkins properly after use.
  • Make use of clean handkerchief.

Treatment
  • Urgently visit your nearest health care provider if you suspect Meningococcal diseases.
  • Certain antibiotics can be used as prescribed by your doctor.

Complications
  • deafness
  • can be fatal
  • brain damages











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