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Jaundice - A Quick Read

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Do you feel your skin looks more yellowish recently?
Do your eyes have a yellow tinge to it?

What is Jaundice?
  • there is a buildup of bilirubin (yellow-orange bile pigment) in the skin, mucus membranes and eyes.


Signs and Symptoms
  • can be asymptomatic
  • if caused by infections then:
    • fever
    • chills
    • abdominal pains
    • Flu-like symptoms
    • Urine discoloration
    • Stool discoloration
    • Skin discoloration
    • Eye discoloration
  • if not by infection:
    • weight loss
    • itchy skin
    • abdominal pains
  • depending on underlying cause:
    • weakness
    • loss of appetite
    • headache
    • confusion
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • swelling of legs and abdomen

Causes:
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Viral 
  • Alcohol
  • Autoimmune conditions
  • Genetic metabolic problems
  • Medications
  • Bile duct obstruction
    • Gallstones
    • Gall bladder inflammation
    • Growth in gall bladder or pancreas
  • Hepatitis


Risk Factors:
  • Liver inflammation
  • Bile duct inflammation
  • Bile duct obstruction
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Cholestasis - interrupted flow of bile from the liver.

Lifestyle Alterations
  • Proper hydration required
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid medication that causes liver effects
  • Dietary modifications required
  • Get vaccinated where available for hepatitis
  • Preventive medication for malaria if visiting areas of concern
  • Avoid high risk behaviours like unprotected intercourse or sharing needles

Treatment Options
  • Depends on the cause 
  • Plenty of rest
  • IV fluids
  • Discontinuing offending drugs
  • Phototherapy
  • Surgery
















  • All these and more are available at Health First pharmacy...visit us for all your health needs first...talk to us first!!!


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