Oral Thrush - A Quick Read

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Do you have white or yellowish bumps in your mouth?
Wiping off the white patches causes it to bleed?

What is Oral Thrush?
  • is result of a yeast or fungal infection inside the mouth.
  • Also known as oral candidiasis or thrush.


Appearance and Symptoms
  • white or yellow patches inside the mouth
  • may or may not bleed
  • burning or sore sensation in the mouth
  • loss or a bad taste in the mouth
  • difficulty swallowing

Location
  • inner cheeks of the mouth
  • tongue
  • tonsils
  • gums
  • inner lips

Causes
  • overgrowth of fungus in the mouth due to antibiotics
  • immune system is suppressed from sickness
  • chemotherapy
  • Diabetes
  • contagious from infected person

Affected Group and Risk factors:
  • Babies , toddler and older adults are more prone to thrush.
  • Dry mouth conditions increases risk
  • Diabetic patients
  • Denture users
  • Smokers

Treatment
  • oral antifungal medications
  • Oral antifungal lozengers and or drops

Prevention and lifestyle adaptations
  • Use soft toothbrush during the thrush
  • Replace toothbrush after the thrush¬†
  • increase probiotic intake¬†
  • consume more yogurt to assist recovery
  • Use a healthy balanced diet
  • Practise good oral hygiene
  • If using dentures, clean properly before and after use.

Complications
  • Yeast infections in other parts of the body
  • vaginal infection from patient with oral thrush if performing oral sex
  • penile infection from patient with oral thrush if performing oral sex
  • fungal infection to newborn if mother has vaginal yeast infection during natural childbirth
  • fungal infection to newborn if mother has breast or nipple yeast infection during breast-feeding
  • Can spread to the esophagus
  • Can lead to systemic candidiasis and cause septic shock















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