Gout - A Quick Read

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Are you having intense pain in the joints?
Is the intense pain together with stiffness and swelling in the joints?

What is Gout?
  • form of arthritis caused by excess of uric acid in the blood.

Signs and Symptoms
  • usually affects the joint of the big toe
  • sudden, severe attacks of pain accompanied by swelling, redness and tenderness of the affected joint.
  • affected joint may be swollen and extremely tender.

Who are at risk of Gout? 
  • genetic origins
  • high blood pressure and high cholesterol patients
  • patients on diuretics
  • patients on immuno-suppressants
  • diabetics
  • heart disease patients
  • mostly men under the age of 60.
  • obese patients

How does it occur?
  • accumulation of urate crystals in the joints due to the excess levels of uric acid in the blood causes inflammation and intense pain in the affected joint. 
  • can happen when the body is unable to excrete very little uric acid
  • also can happen when the body produces too much uric acid

Trigger Factors
  • high consumption of red meat and shellfish
  • steaks and organ meats
  • alcohol intake
  • fructose from sweetened beverages

Lifestyle Adaptations
  • avoid or reduce consumption where possible of red meat and shellfish
  • avoid alcohol and fructose sweetened products
  • increase fluid intake
  • stay well-hydrated
  • get fit and reduce weight if overweight or obese.
  • get tested regularly when concerned

Gout Diet
  • use low-fat dairy diet for protein sources rather than meats.
  • reduce meat, fish and poultry.
  • Foods to avoid
    • Anchovies
    • Beef/organ meats
    • red meats
    • herrings
    • mackerel

Treatment Options

Complications and concerns
  • recurrent gout attacks
  • Tophi nodules in untreated and advanced gout
  • kidney stones

(Pic credit: www.verywellhealth.com)                    
(Pic credit: https://www.msk.org.au)

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