Cold Sore - A Quick Read




Getting a tingly, itching or burning feeling around the lips recently?
Having a blister appear on the site of the itching or tingling?

What is Cold Sore?
  • are viral infection usually referred to as fever blisters, that appears around the lips.

Signs and Symptoms
  • starts with tingling, itching or burning around the lips.
  • affected spots can also be painful.
  • are usually in fluid filled clusters of blisters that break into a crust over the resulting sore.
  • These can last over several days.

Who are at risk of cold sores?
  • anyone coming in close contact with a person having cold sores.
  • Anyone with cold sore in blister stages can more easily transmit the virus than other times.
How does it occur?
  • Caused by HSV-Type 1 virus spreading from an infected individual.
  • HSV-1 can spread to the genitals and HSV-2 can spread to the lips via oral sex.

Trigger Factors
  • Viral infections
  • Fever
  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress
  • Fatigue
  • Unprotected exposure to wind and sun
  • Immune suppression
Lifestyle Adaptations
  • Frequent use of sunscreens and sunblocks
  • Regular use of lip balms and moisturizers
  • Keep well rehydrated
  • Avoid sharing items that have in contact with the affected areas.
  • Avoid having oral sex while having an outbreak.
  • Keeping hands clean while infected or otherwise
  • Applying anti-viral creams at the first sign of outbreak eg in the tingling stages.
  • Using immune boosters
  • Reducing stress levels

Treatment Options
  • No known cure
  • Anti-viral medications
  • Pain medication
  • Hot/cold compresses

Complications and concerns
  • Herpes Whitlow - when the HSV-1 or HSV-2 spreads to the fingers. Thumb sucking infants are most at risk of this.
  • Ocular herpes : Vision problems or blindess if the virus spreads to the eyes.
  • Eczema patients are risk of the cold sore spreading to the rest of the body.
AVOID KISSING, HOLDING OR GETTING IN CONTACT WITH BABIES IF YOU HAVE A COLD SORE. YOU MAY SAVE THEIR LIFE BY SIMPLY STAYING AWAY WHILE YOU ARE HAVING AN OUTBREAK.


(Pic credit: factdr.com)
(Pic credit: http://www.beverlyheightsdental.com)
(Pic credit:By Suzaa Suu - Imported from 500px (archived version) by the Archive Team. (detail page), CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=71793389)






















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